The reliance on non-renewable sources for electricity production is becoming unpopular day by day. Its main reason is the high cost and harmful environmental effects of this mechanism. On the other side, renewable energy sources like solar energy are becoming a popular choice. Different countries around the globe are establishing large scaled power plants to cater to their energy needs.
Solar power plants are still in the inception phase of development, but their future is bright. They depend on the biggest source of energy in our galaxy, making them highly reliable. Despite all the benefits, solar power plants also have some drawbacks. This blog will analyze different aspects of a solar power plant.
Solar power plants rely on solar energy, which can be considered as a renewable source. It means that the supply of solar energy is infinite. You do not have to develop the mechanism for making solar energy renewable. Unlike other power plants like thermal power plants, there is no transportation of fuel required in solar power plants. The solar energy reaches automatically to the power plant.
Due to the unconditioned supply of solar energy, solar power plants provide much sustainable mechanism compared to other types.
Low Running Cost:
One of the major advantages of solar power plants is their low running cost. Solar power plants do not require fuel and its transportation like thermal power plants. The maintenance cost required for a solar power plant is lesser compared to traditional types of power plants. A solar power plant does not need technical updates regularly; rather, it requires minor maintenance like cleaning.
Also, there is less risk of leakages in solar power plants. You can further reduce this risk and increase the efficiency of your power plant by getting top-quality components like different types of gate valve.
Lesser Harmful Emissions:
A big benefit of solar power plants that makes them a good choice is their minimal environmental effects. Unlike thermal and nuclear power plants, there are negligible harmful emissions in solar power plants. The main reason is that there is no ignition of fuel in solar power plants. In addition to that, solar power plants also do not contribute to noise pollution in the environment.
The electricity generation through solar energy has a wider scope compared to conventional mechanisms. The concept of a customized power plant is completely applicable to solar power plants. Unlike other power plants, you can set up any size of a solar power plant according to your requirements.
A solar power plant can cater to the electricity demands of a small industry. Unlike other power plants, there are no location constraints for setting up a solar power plant. You can establish a solar power plant in all kinds of areas, including residential and commercial zones. People even install solar panels on the roof of their houses to fulfill their electricity needs.
The solar energy technology is getting better day by day with the introduction of new techniques and researches. There is a huge room of improvement in the mechanism of solar power plants which will enhance their efficiency. New studies in quantum mechanics are bound to lift the scope and productivity of solar power plants.
High Initial Cost:
One of the biggest drawbacks of a solar power plant is the high cost required for its set up. There are many solar panels required that cost a large amount of money. In addition to that, the installation cost of solar panels is heavy. All the other equipment required for the functioning of a solar power plant like batteries, cables is also not very cheap.
The Requirement of Huge Area:
Solar power plants require a huge area for set up. The reason behind it is the colossal size and a large number of solar panels. The energy density and efficiency of a solar panel is proportional to its size. Small sized panels can never produce a high output.
Some of the materials used in solar power plants are not very common. These materials are hard to find in the market as they are produced as a byproduct of different processes. It is mostly applicable for the solar plants that use CSP technology. Due to this reason, solar technology has not reached its desired popularity. But the gradual advancements in this regard will eradicate this problem.
A major flaw of solar technology is its dependency on sunlight. Without sunlight, the efficiency of solar power plants drops to a great extent. Some of the solar panels cannot even run without the presence of sunlight. That is why the performance of a solar power plant is very low in winters. This problem makes the consistent supply of electricity a big dilemma for solar power plants.
So far, all the efforts for storing the sunlight have also proven to be ineffective. However, the concept of dual-function power plants is gaining popularity that uses solar energy and fuel for processing.
Although the green gas emissions of solar power plants are lesser than thermal and nuclear power, they cannot be considered environment-friendly. There are different types of electronic equipment used in solar plants that make them dangerous for the environment. One such example is the battery used with the solar panels. It contains toxic material and can cause pollution if not disposed of properly.
Solar power plants are not the most popular choice for electricity generation, but they are getting more recognized every day. If you analyze different features of a solar power plant, it is safe to say that it has more advantages than drawbacks. All the details given above will provide you an insight into different aspects of a solar power plant.