Right from the year 2003, when the first e-cigarette was introduced, by a Chinese pharmacist, by the name of Hon Lik., the debate had arisen, if they were any better than tobacco cigarettes per se. Very shortly, we witnessed the arrival of vaping pens, vaping juices, and hookahs, with the debate only toughening and ramifying with every new innovation in vaping products industry.
Here is the thing about any innovation on the face of the earth – it faces both, censure as well as accolades. And so did the vaping industry. So, there have been, and are, two factions – the ones that support it, and the ones that oppose it.
Also Read about: What are Box mod vaporizer
Before we enlighten you on the 5 surprising facts about vaping, let’s take a look at the stances of both of the parties – the one’s that support and the ones that oppose.
The Supportive Stance
The biggest claim that the proponents of this habit make is that they are less carcinogenic in nature than cigarettes. Putting that in the words meant for a layman, they produce fewer cancer causing agents in human body than cigarettes do. The range in which cigarettes produce carcinogens is between 4,000 and 7,000. This is pretty higher a value as compared to what e-liquids produce, since their basic ingredients are food grade compounds.
It is much less harmful to passive smokers. There does exist something called second-hand vapor, but it is much less intense than vapors that cigarettes emit.
They are not malodorous like traditional modes of smoking – cigarettes, cigars, pipes – but their perception in the mind and their effects on the body are just like the traditional ones. So, socially, they are more acceptable because your clothes, fingernails and hair do not end up stinking like tobacco.
A few studies suggested that they can be effective in weaning you off smoking, and that if one wishes to quit smoking, vaping can be a good start. Plus, it is easy to choose the levels of nicotine in e-juices and e-cigarette cartridges. In fact, a study conducted in New Zealand shows that these may even work as well as nicotine patches.
They are cheaper than your usual smoke. Research in the United States of America and the United Kingdom has it that the people who vape may incur up to 40% lesser expenses than those who stick to traditional smoking habits.
The Opposing Stance
The biggest argument here is that, choosing vaping over smoking is just trading one vice for another. There may be the available option for nicotine-free vapes, but most vapers prefer it with nicotine. Hence, the belief that it is equally addictive because of it does affect the neurotransmitters in the brain.
Less carcinogens does not mean no cancer. The use of liquid nicotine, according to them, may be even more hazardous than what tobacco emits. Some tests may be suggestive of e-juices releasing toxic metals in the process of vaporization.
The youngsters, especially those who still haven’t come of age are attracted to the way these vaping liquids are packaged and advertised.
Experts who study smoking and its effects, largely agree that the habits associated with smoking are addictive, whether or not nicotine or tobacco are involved. As a corollary, vaping, with nicotine or without, can be addictive even for those who are not smokers.
Since the industry is still in its infancy, it is primarily unregulated. Food and Drugs Authority of U. S. A. still doesn’t control it, so there may be hazards that are still unknown.
The fact is that there are always two facets to a coin. These perspectives always define the worth of anything for us. Nevertheless, perspectives can often be based on what we hear, and not what the facts and figures may be. As for vaping juices, there are many facts and much fiction that we consider common knowledge. But here are a few facts that are little known, about these concoctions.
Here are the two most prevalent beliefs about vapor – one: it is totally harmless; two: it is the worst thing one can do to their throat and lungs, even worse than what traditional cigarette smoke to them. Both are, incidentally, untrue, unless the vapor is that of a nicotine-free juice.
Here is what actually the case is. At least two studies, in the year 2012, pointed out that the chemical composition of the juices, and the absence of any sort of combustion, which happens when the tobacco and its companions in a cigarette are burned, produce chemicals that are much less toxic than what cigarettes do.
According to one of these researches, which was conducted by Maciej Lukasz Goniewicz, it was found that the level of toxins that the vapors emitted were 9 to 450 times lower than what tobacco cigarettes do. And these levels of toxicants that were emitted stand nowhere as an enormous threat to human health.
This means that vaping could be a safer alternative to smoking for people who can’t seem to get over smoking, as it may drastically reduce their exposure to carcinogenic toxins related to traditional smoking.
2:As a Consequence, Secondhand Vapor is Safer too!
As a corollary of the first-mentioned fact, the secondhand vapor was also found to be safer than secondhand smoke. The same studies find it to be no potential threat to human health.
For a proof to the human eye, the presence of tar looks quite explanatory. Tar, the thick byproduct is absent in vapor, and it is a fact that is conspicuous. Around four decades ago, that is, in the year 1976, Professor Michael Russell wrote of smoking, “ People smoke for nicotine but they die from the tar.” It is still probably true and works well in the favor of vaping.
Also, vapor does not leave any yellow stains which smoke instantly will, if you blow it on a piece of clean white napkin. This is absolutely indicative of what happens inside the lungs as well.
3:Vaping can Assist Smokers in Quitting Smoking
Well, this is something that may be still be the center of an enormous debate, but one thing is for sure, smokers who change to vaping do get hooked off smoking cigarettes, even if they continue vaping for the rest of their lives. Nevertheless, studies suggest that vaping, in many cases has been be as effective as, or even more effective than nicotine patches.
And what supportive argument have we?
The FDA Deeming Rule may be looking forward to taking the vaping industry under its wing, but it somehow does endorse the use of e-liquids instead of tobacco cigarettes. Mitch Zeller, the Deputy Director of the Center for Tobacco Products of FDA suggested “ If we could get all of those people [who smoke] to completely switch all of their cigarettes to noncombustible [e-]cigarettes, it would be good for public health.”
Now, here is the thing that you must understand. Given the low rate of toxin emission and no tar at all, vapes may be a good way to replace tobacco cigarettes. When one says that they may help you quit smoking, it means that relying on vaping for your nicotine intake really helps you call it quits with cigarettes.
Let’s analyze it more closely. Why do we use nicotine patches and gums, as means to wean ourselves off smoking. Simple reason – to supply our brain and blood with the level of nicotine that is needed for it to stay normal, without, however posing the same risks as the chemicals and tobacco do. And, the problem with these two is that weaning almost never happens and smokers ultimately end up relapsing back to smoking.
But they cannot keep sticking to nicotine gums and patches forever, since the oral and nasal fixation gets them back to cigarettes. As in the case of vaping, it sounds like a solution that, while giving you the solace that you are drawing a smoke, also lessens the threat that tobacco and chemicals in cigarettes pose to your health. So, in such a case when a person can lean on vape in order to quit smoking, it is an advantageous situation for the harm caused by vapors is much less, and even much lesser are the chances of relapse.
4:The Chemical Composition of E-Liquids is Much less Sinister than that of Cigarettes
Here is the deal about vaping juices. They have only 4-5 major ingredients, and all of them have all of them. Only the flavors differ.
These main ingredients are:
Vegetable glycerin – an organic compound derived from vegetables and widely used in skin care products, toothpastes, etc.
Propylene Glycol – a food grade compound found in a gamut of food items, medicines, flavorings, soft drinks, shampoos, etc. This is what makes the flavor distinct and dilutes the nicotine.
Nicotine – in liquid form, but is optional.
Flavors – a wide choice of food grade flavors
Distilled water – just in case dilution is required.
That is all that e-juices consist of.
Now, let us talk of cigarettes. What’s in a cigarette? One single stick of a cigarette has around 600 ingredients rolled in it. And, these 600 ingredients, when undergo combustion, create 7000 chemicals, out of which 69 are definitely known to be carcinogenic. To count a few deadliest on our fingers, nicotine, tar, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, arsenic, ammonia, hydrogen cyanide, and DDT are only a few of those.
Now, whatever amount of toxicants are produced in vapors, is absolutely nothing as compared to what this “wondrous” stick of smoke produces. The two potent threats that vaping might pose, are the use of substandard ingredients/manufacturing conditions. and improper use of batteries and tanks.
If the ingredients used in these liquids are low quality, there can be some ramifications that may cause quite some damage to the vaper’s health.
Also, one must know how to use the liquids so that they do not come in contact with the batteries. One should especially be cautious while using mechanical mods and sub ohm atomizers. You must know what tanks are to be used with what mods.
5:The Cost Quotient
The first impression – vaping liquids are exorbitant.
The second impression – there is a sizeable volume of liquid for not so high a price.
The final impression – you do end up saving money with vaping liquids.
Let’s look at it this way – an average pack of a pack of cigarettes cost $6 to $8 in the US, and the best ones go up to $11 to $12. A good quality e-liquid usually starts from around $7. Now, surprisingly, and contrary to the first impression, a 10ml bottle, for an average smoker, equals 5 packs of cigarettes. Even if you are terribly bad at maths, it is totally conspicuous, that, not only are they affordable but also cost much lesser than cigarettes.
Apart from these facts on vaping that now are clearer to you, there are often many FAQs that keep hovering around your mind. Here is a list of the most frequent of these questions and answers.
What is ejuice?
E-juices or e-liquids are the fuels for your e-cigs, vaping pens, atomizers, whatever you prefer. It is the liquid compound that is heated and vaporized to give you nicotine flavor and clouds.
They come in a variety of flavors, and with an option of with or sans nicotine, and nicotine levels too. You can also find them in bottles starting from 10 ml, and in cartridges for cartomizers as well as well.
In the US, you can find the US made as well as Chinese made vaping products. While many Chinese concoctions have been tested positive for substances that are not only carcinogenic but also lethal. The ones made in USA clearly use the 4 to 5 ingredients that we mentioned in fact #4, and you can trust them for safe and hygienic manufacturing environment.
What do the VG/PG proportions mean?
These might sound complicated at first but are pretty simple. Again, as mentioned in fact #4, VG and PG are the two primary ingredients of vaping juices. Most juices have both, but in different proportions.
While PG tucks the flavor in place besides helping dilute the nicotine, VG gives the abundant vapor. This is why both need to be present in combination. One could go ahead without VG if the absence of vapors is fine, but the fact is that PG could trigger allergies in a fairly large number of users. This is why combinations are used.
So, if you find a label saying VG/PG 50/50, it means 50% vegetable glycerine, and 50% propylene glycol. More PG means more intensity, more throat hit, more flavor; more VG means thicker clouds. If you are not allergic to PG, you could even go for only PG concoctions.
Does nicotine-free juices also produce carcinogens?
Okay! Tests and their results may have, only at times, suggested that juices which are sans nicotine may also produce some carcinogens. However, the closest cause could only be the use of substandard raw material, improper or unhygienic manufacturing and packaging facilities, or vaping devices. When that kind is heated up, it may produce carcinogens. The manufacturing and testing procedures must be strict for the units that are producing and packaging them.
Several American made vaping products go through staunch safety and hygiene standard checks.
A good word of wisdom is to stay away from Chinese made products for they may be available for cheap prices, but at the same time, may be packed with ingredients that you absolutely do not want to enter and reside in your lungs, for they can be definitely cancer-causing.
Are e-cigs and vaping pens the same?
No, they are not the same. They differ in their structure as well as a bit in mechanism.
Let’s begin with e-cigarettes first. They were the pioneer devices in vaping. Exactly like traditional tobacco cigarettes in appearance, these cigarettes are analog in nature. It has three parts – the mouthpiece (made in silicone), the cartomizer (cartridge plus atomizer), and battery. To give it an even more realistic look, it has an LED light glowing on the tip that resembles the burning end. When the liquid gets exhausted, you can simply change the cartridge.
They come in readymade so no assembling or refilling needs to be done. But you may not even get the whiff of the liquid getting finished unless it is almost empty.
Now, talking of vaporizers and vaping pens, they are a more recent innovation but are getting twice as popular a e-cigs and make for at least 50% sales, according to a report from the Wall Street Journal.
They look like the classy fountain pens, like those from Mont Blanc or Pierre Cardin. This is why the name, vaping pens. This sort of a device has a rather large-sized battery on one end, a mouth piece on the other, and a tank in the middle. There is a small button on the side of the battery that you need to press to start vaping. The juice in the tank will be heated and the flavorful vapor will be released from the mouth piece.
These devices last pretty long if you use them properly. But yes, you will usually have to set them up yourself. Since the tank is refillable, you can choose the flavors of your choice for each refill. Users say that the nicotine delivery is more consistent than what e-cigarettes offer. And since the tanks are transparent, you know before it is time to refill. Though they are more expensive than their elder siblings, they do last longer and offer more value.
What about those who are addicted to the taste of tobacco?
E-juices are available in tobacco flavors as well, and in a lot of rustic and authentic tobacco flavors for that matter.
What is sub Ohm vaping?
Sub ohm vaping or “sub ohming” is a sort of controlled vaping. It is done with the atomizers that have the ability to produce vapors at below 1 Ohm resistance level. What it means by implications is thick massive clouds. It also intensifies the flavor and gives a warmer vape. It gives you a lung hit rather than a throat hit.
But, it may become an unsafe means if you do not understand the mechanics of it first, which is not very complicated though.
What about the FDA Tobacco Control Controversy?
The fact that in the year 2010, the FDA had banned e-cig shipment from entering the US territory is true. But, also another fact that is true is that the same shipments were ordered to be released, being resolved that the devices do not fall under the regulations of FDA.
But as of the year 2016, there is some more news that is making rounds. The FDA Deeming rule has taken the vaping industry under its wing. What this means is, not a ban on vaping products, but making them even more reliable than they ever have been, by means of more rigorous checks and tests. Also, the standards will be raised even up higher.
Moreover, the latest events have raised the minimum age bar for smoking as well as for vaping from 18 to 21, apart from treating vaping just like smoking and banned it in public places. But there seems to be forming a counter-consensus against it.
And this only highlights the fact that it must be done more responsibly. Nevertheless, vaping liquids that are certified nicotine-free do not fall under the Tobacco Control Act of the FDA.
We are sure that after reading these surprising facts about vaping, you must be able to fathom how much hearsay goes around. This article does not, by any means, intend to encourage non-smokers to take up vaping. For things like these and smoking as well, it is always a person’s discretion that works the best.
But, by far, vaping is seen as the second best alternative to smoking, next to calling it quits, of course.